For information call now:
Internal Revenue Service
Austin Service Center
P.O. Box 149342
Austin, TX 78714-9342
How Income of Aliens is Taxed
Nonresident aliens are taxed based on the source of their income and whether or
not their income is effectively connected with a U.S. trade or business.
A nonresident alien�s income that is subject to U.S. income tax must be divided
into two categories:
1. Income that is
effectively connected with a
trade or business
in the United States, and
2. Income that is not
effectively connected with a
trade or business in the United States
The difference between these two categories is that
income, after allowable deductions, is taxed at graduated rates.
Tax at a 30% or lower treaty rate applies to certain items of
income or gains from U.S. sources but only if the items are not
effectively connected with your U.S. trade or business.
or Determinable Income
Sales or Exchanges of Capital Assets
From Real Property
You are subject to tax under a special rule if you interrupt
your period of U.S. residence with a period of nonresidence. The special rule
applies if you meet all of the following conditions.
1. You were a U.S. resident for a period that includes at least
3 consecutive calendar years.
2. You were a U.S. resident for at least 183 days in each of
3. You ceased to be treated as a U.S. resident.
4. You then again became a U.S. resident before the end of the
third calendar year after the end of the period described in (1) above.
Under this special rule, you are subject to tax on your U.S. source gross income
and gains on a net basis at the graduated rates applicable to individuals (with
allowable deductions) for the period you were a nonresident alien, unless you
would be subject to a higher tax under the 30% tax (discussed earlier) on income
not connected with a U.S. trade or business.
John Willow, a citizen of New Zealand, entered the United States on April 1,
2005, as a lawful permanent resident. On August 1, 2007, John ceased to be a
lawful permanent resident and returned to New Zealand. During his period of
residence, he was present in the United States for at least 183 days in each of
three consecutive years (2005, 2006, and 2007). He returned to the United States
on October 5, 2010, as a lawful permanent resident. He became a resident before
the close of the third calendar year (2010) beginning after the end of his first
period of residence (August 1, 2007). Therefore, he is subject to tax under the
special rule for the period of nonresidence (August 2, 2007, through October 4,
2010) if it is more than the tax that would normally apply to him as a
Reporting requirements. If you are subject to this tax for any
year in the period you were a nonresident alien, you must file Form 1040NR for
that year. The return is due by the due date (including extensions) for filing
your U.S. income tax return for the year that you again become a U.S. resident.
If you already filed returns for that period, you must file amended returns. You
must attach a statement to your return that identifies the source of all of your
U.S. and foreign gross income and the items of income subject to this special